SummaryJohn Maynard Keynes marked a hugely important turning point in the history of Economics. For the first time, Economics had become positive, allowing for differences of opinion. This brought about a chasm in economic thinking: differences of opinion could bring about real differences in the lives of many.
John R. Hicks was a British economist (1904-1989), professor at the London School of Economics, Cambridge University and University of Oxford. He took special interest on issues concerning microeconomics, growth, economic fluctuations and monetary theory. In his most famous work “Value and Capital”, 1939, Hicks referred to aggregation problems, interest rate, etc. It was also in this book where he developed further the comparative statics, the analysis in economics when describing two possible outcomes. His book “The Social Framework: an Introduction to Economics”, 1942, is a veritable treatise on structural analysis by means of social accounting.
However, Hicks is mainly known for the development of a general equilibrium model, based on J. M. Keynes’ “General Theory”, in which he analyzed four markets: goods, labor, credit and money, called the IS-LM model. This model, firstly named IS-LL, appeared in his article “Mr. Keynes and the Classics: a Suggested Interpretation”, published in 1937 in the journal Econometrica.