This video explains how indifference curves work and how to build them. We start analysing indifference curves as a way of representing utility, then we explain what the marginal rate of substitution is and, lastly, what different kinds of indifference curves there are.
Indifference curves are lines in a coordinate system for which each of its points express a particular combination of a number of goods or bundles of goods that the consumer is indifferent to consume. This is, the consumer will have no preference between two bundles located in the same indifference curve, since they all provide the same degree of utility. The indifference curves, as we move away from the origin of coordinates, imply higher consumption and, therefore, increasing levels of utility.
Francis Y. Edgeworth, developed the mathematics concerning the drawing of indifference curves in his book “Mathematical Psychics: an Essay on the Application of Mathematics to the Moral Sciences”, 1881, from earlier works by William Stanley Jevons. However, Vilfredo Pareto was the first economist to draw indifference maps as we know them nowadays, in his book “Manual of Political Economy”, published in 1906.
Learn more by reading the dictionary entry.